Kelly Senser (http://www.twitter.com/klsnature) said…
I love dragonflies (and damselflies!) too, Kelly. Slowly learning to ID the ones that visit our habitat. Fortunate to have a natural water source nearby and plenty of spots for perching. Happy day! –Kelly
March 4, 2010 4:50 AM
[transferred from previous blog by editor]
Ric Brewer (http://www.zoo.org/) said…
Thanks for the great story on Zoomazium’s green roof! Here’s a link to the zoo’s site with even more background about the roof: http://www.zoo.org/zoomazium/green
Also, here’s a link to the What’s in Bloom section of our site that gives a peek into the thousands of plants on the zoo’s 92 acres: http://www.zoo.org/whatsinbloom
Woodland Park Zoo
February 23, 2010 9:55 AM
We love that you found the entries and had fun reviewing them…thanks so much for encouraging others to explore. You saw the same wonderfulness that we did. Imagine being able to make a whole category of entries of nests built upon garden tools….amazing! Christianne White, Celebrate Urban Birds
January 27, 2010 6:45 AM
A post after mine own blog.
I enjoyed Rain Gardens: Managing water sustainably in the garden and designed landscape by Nigel Dunnett and Andy Clayden. Any suggestions for east coast rain garden resources?
There are a number of rain garden resources for the east coast as well as the midwest. Here are links to the ones I know about.
The Vermont Rain Garden Manual: Gardening to Absorb the Storm from Winooski Natural Resources Conservation District
Rain Gardens: A How-to Manual for Homeowners from University of Wisconsin Extension
A Rain Garden Manual for South Carolina from Clemson University Public Service
Rain Gardens of Western Michigan
Rain Garden Network
Enjoyed reading the case studies. Which site manages stormwater runoff most effectively or is not useful to make such a comparison?
I think it’s very useful to make the comparison, the problem is whether or not they’re being monitored. I’m not aware that Astor or Mt. Tabor is monitored and I haven’t found any information about performance since installation. The Glencoe rain garden was tested shortly after installation, but I’m not sure if it’s still undergoing monitoring. You can read the report from the City of Portland, Flow Test. It would be more interesting now, after it’s been installed for a few years, to see again how it’s working.
It may be worth looking into the next time I head to Portland, that would be a fun research project. I find the Mt. Tabor interesting because that project most closely follows the ‘stormwater chain’ that is addressed in the Rain Gardens book so in theory, it would manage more effectively because it has the most systems. The other two are, as far as I know, just rain gardens.
thank you, Kelly. The Vermont guide is closest to home (NYC). It is convenient that the guides are web-based.
This is a great paper, Kelly. I’m going to add your blog entry to a list of resources we are creating for further information about the water cycle.
You may be interested in the film we made at Surfrider Foundation that summarizes some of it.
You can see it here: http://www.knowyourh2o.org/
The Bumblebee City Nesters reminds me of the proposed bird habitat at Holbeck Urban Village (http://localecologist.blogspot.com/2009/10/wildlife-takeback-holbeck-urban-village.html). I appreciate children interacting with the Insect Hotel.
I absolutely agree Georgia, there is a lot of similarity to the design from the Holbeck Urban Village. I really enjoy how there are different creative approaches to designing habitat like this. Two major ones seem to be adapting human structures, such as houses or high-rises, into wildlife structures while the other is more of an abstract, artistic approach.
The interaction is an interesting idea because I’m not sure how effective a habitat element can be if it’s accessible to people. Perhaps insects aren’t as impacted by human disturbance as birds or mammals may be, I really don’t know. It’d be an interesting topic to look into though.
Serviceberries are delicious (http://localecologist.blogspot.com/2010/06/6-things-to-do-with-amelanchier.html). We’ve eaten a lot of the fruit this spring.
Fascinating difference between the preferences of the female and male hedgehog!
By the way, the Sustainable Sites Initiative briefly mentions stormwater management design (swales) and wildlife habitat here http://www.sustainablecitiesinstitute.org/view/page.basic/class/feature.class/Lesson_Swales_Overview.
check out Urban Birds Offered New Nests in London at urbangardensweb http://www.urbangardensweb.com/2010/06/29/urban-birds-offered-new-nests-in-london/
Wondering how green roof designers account for the habitat needs of nighthawks and other urban birds.
The short answer is that in North America they don’t really. From what I’ve seen it’s much more geared towards stormwater management and if wildlife happens to come then it’s a bonus, but they’re not specifically designed for urban birds. However in the UK and Switzerland, there are many, excellent projects that are designed for specific species of birds such as the Black Redstart in London. It’s a subject very familiar to me because this was the focus of my comprehensive project at the University of Oregon. I will post a longer answer to your thought soon with some examples from Europe.
Bryant’s art work is very creative and reminded me of a recent exhibit at the Peabody Essex Museum titled Trash Menagerie — http://www.pem.org/exhibitions/113-trash_menagerie.
Thanks for that link Georgia, there are some phenomenal works on the interactive page! I think I’ll post about them later. I found them very fascinating and I really liked how so many cultures had similar ideas but came up with such uniquely creative works.
What a nice article. Thanks for the links. I am busy looking at fitting a swift box to my house to see if can help the depleted numbers. I am also thinking of fitting a nest box cameratoo. Hopefully, I will be able to show the birds using the box as well help increase numbers too. They need all the help they can get. I will e-mail over photos when my project is live if that helps. Keep up the good blog. Thanks Mark
I’m very glad you found the article helpful and I’d love to see photos once you get the box going! What an excellent idea to put a camera into the box. Best of luck on your project, can’t wait to hear how it goes.
The incorporation of bee habitat into a conventional yard framework is a valuable contribution.
Kelly, you have such inspired observations. I am always of reminded of something or some things, like our nature-made profiles! We have one of Bradner Gardens Park in Seattle (http://localecologist.blogspot.com/2008/09/nature-made-bradner-gardens-park.html). You’ve also inspired me to (finally!) write a profile about the butterfly habitat traffic circle in our old neighborhood in Berkeley and the habitat garden off an off ramp in San Francisco.
Thank you for the nice comment Georgia! Thanks for sharing your link of the Bradner Gardens Park, another thing I was unaware of that you’ve brought to my attention in Seattle, I will go visit and check it out soon. I greatly look forward to your posts and I’m really glad I inspired you!
They are a great medium to work with. I make the Biohaven Floating Islands on the east coast and am very excited about the ability to marry together the functionality of cleaning water with the aesthetics of art and horticulture.
Two years ago I attended a presentation about the Biohaven Floating Island hosted by the SF Public Utilities Commission. http://sfwater.org/detail.cfm/MC_ID/14/MSC_ID/361/MTO_ID/541/C_ID/4976 The product was used successfully in a variety of settings.
Am also reminded of floating farms in Bangladesh. http://localecologist.blogspot.com/2008/09/float-farm-on-hyacinths-bangladesh.html
Artificial lighting might also affect trees. See http://www.physics.fau.edu/observatory/lightpol-Plants.html. A paper about this was presented at the Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting conference in 2002. See http://www.urbanwildlands.org/abstracts.html.
Thought you’d be interested in this Sunset article about “Nectar plants for honey bees”: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/typepad/sunset/fresh_dirt/~3/Ml2bs3XuxnM/nectar-plants-for-honey-bees.html.
Enjoyed reading this post — rich detail. Your point about system design is well taken. A Berkeley, CA plug: in the Le Conte neighborhood, one of the traffic circles has been converted into butterfly habitat as well as the school yard across from the rotary.
Will you post about your thesis project or have you already done so?
I have not yet, but I certainly will asap.
I like that the roof design for your target species – the Common Nighthawk — would accommodate other avian species.
Glad you saw the “Spontaneous City in the Tree of Heaven.” I bookmarked it for a future Bird Watch post or tweet. What do you think about the installation in terms of habitat potential?
Oooh, I love plants with white berries so this has been on my shopping list for a while, but it’s very hard to find for sale!! I have seen it growing in the woods in my town so maybe it’s time to collect berries and try propagating it myself from seed….it’s supposed to be a good shrub for tough, dry conditions so I am interested to see how it fares on your balcony!
I agree, white berries are wonderful, especially when they last through the winter.
You may want to try cuttings instead of seeds, I looked up Symphoricarpos in my propagation books and here’s what it says about seed. “Seeds are extremely difficult to germinate because of hard, impermeable coats and partially developed embryos”. But if you want to try, here’s how you do it: fruit ripens September to November, the fruit is macerated to remove the pulp and then the seeds dried before storage. The best way to germination is after warm stratification for 4-6 months.
Cuttings on the other hand are extremely easy to root. Softwoods and semi-hardwoods from June-August are the easiest and cuttings are easily over-wintered.
This information is from “The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation: From Seed to Tissue Culture”, which is an excellent book.
If you decide to try seeds, let us know how it goes! I’d be very interested to hear about it.
Kelly – thanks for that info (I only just saw it!)…I think I’ll try it from cuttings of local plants next year. Promise to keep you updated on my progress!
Looks very interesting and important book.
But how can I get one copy, because I live here in Finland?
I have also written two books about wildlife and gardens, and would be very eager to see the book.
Do you know are the books delivered in Finland, too.
Mr. Riku Cajander
biologist, environmental journalist.
I would recommend the Book Depository to buy this book in Finland. I have ordered books from them before and I have a friend also in Finland who buys books through them. They have free worldwide shipping too.
Can you tell us more about your books? I would like to hear more about them!
Glad to hear from somebody in Finland, I’ve visited Helsinki and I look forward to going back, it is a wonderful country.
I think the ideas with the trees that have been done are wonderful!
One summer when we lived on the south border of Camp Bonneville in Camas school district we had a swarm of thousands on the south side of our house. Then they started showing up inside. There were mounds of them in the corner of the ceiling. We vacuumed them and that is when we really discovered the foul odor of which you spoke. We got them removed but what seems like a couple of months later they reappeared. I am assuming that the warm environment might have caused them to hatch a new batch.
For several years after, whenever we would move a piece of furniture clean out an old box, we would find many dried ladybugs.
I hope you will look into the Lost Ladybug Project. With the help of citizen scientists they are tracking the different verities of ladybugs, where and when they are found. Their site includes lots of interesting information and you can submit your findings.
During the last three years most of the ladybugs I have found have been non-native.
Thank you for the information Carole, I will certainly send some of my photos in to the Lost Ladybug Project. Here’s the link to the website for anyone else interested:: http://www.lostladybug.org/
oh wow, Kelly, that tree-shaped woodpile is amazing!! I would show it to my hubby because he loves that kind of stuff, but I’m afraid he’ll use the firewood we just ordered and try to create something like that at home…and then we’ll freeze all winter because he won’t let me use any of the logs!! Thanks for sharing, you have a great site!
In Brooklyn, we find very tall communications towers to be a good place to spot perched peregrines. There is one near the southern end of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden that regularly hosts the birds; the tallest thing around for some distance, the tower serves as a cliff overlooking all the prey-ridden air below. The tower at Bishop Ford High School, across the street from Green-Wood Cemetery, often has red-tailed hawks on top of it, but peregrines like the lower rungs. The city is surprisingly raptor- rich, actually, with nesting peregrines, red-tails, and, by far the most numerous, American kestrels (who favor 19th century cornices), as well as passing-through merlins, sharp-shinned hawks, and Coopers hawks. Overhead: osprey, broad-wing hawks, and more rarely, bald eagles. Around Jamaica Bay and the Rockaway Peninsula: northern harriers. Last winter a northern goshawk spent several days in Prospect Park. You can see a lot around here just by traveling by subway.
I absolutely love your blog. I wish every urban development would provide some type of urban wildlife habitat. Perhaps you’ve covered this in your posts, but I’d be curious to know if you believe providing urban habitats could make much of a positive impact on the rapid loss of animal and plant species that is occurring? Do you think green roofs could play an important role in preserving bird and insect species? I suppose much more work needs to be done to improve the connectedness of habitat areas in urban areas for animal movement, as well as the improve the opportunities for animals to hide, etc.
Hi Carter, thank you for the comment! I do think that urban habitats could make a positive impact. Granted, they can’t replace large-scale wetlands or forests, but many types of urban habitat together could be effective. Combining green roofs, planters, green walls, parks, yards, rain gardens, river banks and other available spaces could really make an impact, especially if planned to connect green spaces via corridors.
I do think green roofs could benefit birds and insects, and in fact they already are playing an important role. In London, many green roofs are designed for the rare black redstart and are already successfully being used for nesting. Insects could benefit greatly from green roofs and some studies have indicated good insect and spider populations on various green roofs. Good design is important, specific species have different needs and there is no magic system that will benefit all.
You’re absolutely right about the need to connecting habitat areas for movement and improving cover and shelter. There are so many opportunities out there, hopefully we’ll see more good designs in the future.
Kelly, I love this site!! Congratulations on such a wonderful site. Thanks so much for posting a link to Community ButterflyScaping (University of Florida). I really hope communities pick up on this concept, Kathy
Thank you for the nice comment Kathy, I greatly appreciate it! I agree, I hope communities pick up on it too. Hopefully the successful programs will serve as good case studies for other communities.
Kelly, it was so great to have you as a guest writer! I really enjoyed reading about how we can become scientists in our own backyards, and the list of links for simple ways to participate is really helpful. I’m looking forward to reading more of your posts.
This is great. Thanks a lot.
Great to live in a BIG DENSELY POPULATED city that supports wildlife — go NYC.
Is this a ranked list of the proposals?
Not officially….Although I realize I did put my favorite two first unconsciously.
We don’t have Bush Tits on this side of the country, but I really enjoyed watching them while a grad student in Arizona. This is great info. Thanks!
Thanks for a wonderful post.
Minor fact-check: wouldn’t the southwestern-most point of the *continental* United States be here? The southwestern-most point in the US as a whole must surely be in Hawaii, like South Point of the Big Island or Kure Atoll.
You’re absolutely correct Jason, thank you very much for pointing that out. I’ve fixed the text, thank you for reading!
Kelly, I enjoy these profiles.
I am interested in the riparian habitat created via diverting street runoff. Do you have any more information on this design feature?
Georgia, I couldn’t find any more information about the design unfortunately, but I started to dig around looking for the firm who won the Orchid Award for it, which is AEREA landscaping. I couldn’t find much information about the firm, but I did find the name Leslie Ryan linked to it, which happens to be a professor I had. I contacted her and asked her to come comment here.
Great choice and nice photos! It’s probably really good to choose a tree that you can also observe from a balcony or so. Welcome to the project!
great idea to let the birds guide you!
Thanks for getting the word out about the project. Do you follow http://foretmontreal.blogspot.com/? Bronwyn’s recent post was about the silver birch.
That wasn’t a blog I was familiar with, but I’ve added it to my Google Reader, thanks for the tip!
Fascinating post. I’ll have to read the whole series.
Great round-up. Thanks for providing.
Thanks for mentioning my post! Wonderful round-up of links.
Birches are such fascinating trees. I look forward to hearing more. Greetings from Wales, UK.
Thanks for the comment Caroline! I love Wales, such beautiful scenery and lovely people. Unfortunately I only spent a couple of days there, but I most certainly plan to visit again.
I attended a Winter symposium at Michigan State University last Saturday. Went to the class about bees and that we should all have a bee haven in our yards. I want to build one but I can’t locate the directions to build. I was told to visit website xerces.org. I could not find the info. Can you direct me to the right place. Thank you very much
Hi Bernadette, congratulations on wanting to create bee habitat! You can find plant resources for your region on my blog here http://www.metrofieldguide.com/?page_id=292 which includes lists for pollinators from the Pollinator Partnership.
You can also find resources for designing for pollinators also on my blog here http://www.metrofieldguide.com/?page_id=509 which includes links to some of the Xerces Society publications.
The Xerces Society just published a brand new book as well that will be sent out later this month that should be an excellent resource. http://www.xerces.org/announcing-the-publication-of-attracting-native-pollinators/
Great info on lupines, Kelly. I am a sucker for blue and purple flowers, so lupines have always been favorites of mine.
I didn’t know about the link between blue butterflies and lupines. Just shows how when we lose one species, we often lose one or more other species that are closely associated with the first.
Thanks for visiting Ivan,
You’re absolutely right about how connected everything is. I didn’t even get into how ants figure into these relationships. Although maybe I should have. Ants tend some species of Blues such as the Karner blue, and harvest a sugary liquid the caterpillar produces. It’s believed the ants help keep them safe from predators and parasites in turn. Another part of the story of the Xerces blue was that the native ants which tended their larvae, had been displaced by an ant from South America. Another aspect which could have also factored into the demise of the Xerces.
Fascinating post. I never really thought about gardens in quite this way. Animals certainly love retaining walls, of all kinds. Here in NYC, squirrels and raccoons nest in park walls. I suppose a city park is a kind of giant, messy garden …?
I guess Justin Bieber is right: Canada is simply a better country than the US.
This is a fascinating study. However,I am puzzled to read the comment re. the Great Fire of London in 1666 and the sight of crows feasting on the victims. Amazingly, only a small number of people died, about 8, so hardly sufficient numbers to attract any significant number of carrion birds. I would have thought that in 17th century England, battlefields were more likely places to witness large numbers of bodies and therefore crows etc. Far more likely to provoke hatred of the birds across the country and not just in London which was a small place back then. Where did you source this information?
Hi Lou, thanks for reading! The information about the Great Fire came directly from Crow Planet…”The great London fire of 1666 cemented a centuries-long hatred of crows. Ravens and crows descended with such zeal upon the charred victims that the grieving survivors appealed to King Charles II, begging him to exterminate the birds, a task he oversaw with vigor. Nests were decimated and bounties paid on the skins of crows and ravens.”
As for the death toll, there were only a few official deaths, but many more may have not been counted due to being cremated or from a low class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Fire_of_London
Here’s a quote from the BBC history page about the fire. “Officially, only four people died, but John Evelyn referred in his diary to ‘the stench that came from some poor creatures’ bodies’ and the true toll is likely to have been much higher, rising further in the following months.”
Nice post. Crows are fascinating creatures. I love to watch them here in NYC, although there are not as many in Manhattan as I would like to see. (My experience of the Pacific Northwest from Portland to Vancouver, B.C. is that it is the heart of Crow Nation.) In NYC, I watched one crow stand on a rock in the park and, holding a nut in its beak, bang it over and over into the rock until the nut split open. Seems like a lot of work for a little meat, but then I feel the same way about lobster – too much work!
hay there is this an awesome site! Great info!
Sounds like a book worth picking up. I observe crows all the time- why not? They’re everywhere, and they are very interesting. Watching them band together and chase away eagles and hawks is amazing.
I love your Foragings posts, Kelly. Thanks!
I love, love, love this blog!!! Thanks for all the good articles and tips.
Thank you for the kind comments Mary! I’m very glad you like it and find it useful.
Thanks for the link to the article about the SF garden controversy. The article only mentioned one disgruntled resident so the title seems a bit misleading.
I interviewed Jane as part of my nature making project and I studied the city’s permeability efforts — both municipal and nonprofit — in the course of writing my dissertation.
Kelly, this is a great post. Not only a solid analysis of the flower show, but your approach is very creative. Future show participants should consult with you to improve upon the wildlife factor of their displays.
Thank you very much for the kind comments Georgia!
Your favorite that you saved for last is done by The Lusher Life Project. Mari Malcolm is the owner.
Nice shots and interesting critique. I agree that designing a garden should automatically include designing for wildlife. Thanks for the facebook “like.”
Nice post. Pacific NW is so rich in habitats. I lived in Portland Oregon decades ago – used to walk in a wetland area full of birds.
This is really interesting–new habitat from old trash. My hometown of Chicago has its own landfill story along much of the lakefront.
Thanks for the great post and photos, Kelly, and for contributing to Marsh Madness! I would love to visit it some day.
This reminded me of a book I picked up in a used bookstore some time ago: Union Bay: The Life of a City Marsh (1951), by Harry W. Higman and Earl J. Larrison. A pleasant read about urban wildlife. Seattle was much smaller then, at least the metro area. It’s nice to read that new species are still being found!
I would like to be on your email list.
Hi Maria, you can sign up to be notified of new posts via email on the top right-hand of this page in the box titled ‘Follow The Metropolitan Field Guide’. The email subscription form is the icon on the right. Thank you for visiting!
I love them because they’re native, grow well in sun or shade, and with almost any amount of water. They have 4 seasons of interest too. Amazing plants, proud to have them in my garden and yard!
Great idea. I am going to share this idea with as many people as I can. More people need to be aware of the importance of using built environment to facilitate urban habitat for wild life.
FYI: Animal Architecture call for proposals: http://bldgblog.blogspot.com/2011/04/animal-architecture.html
That’s awesome! I would love to see something like that for North American bats. Makes me want to put up a bat house.
As of July 2010, eleven species of large mammals have used 24 wildlife crossings more than 220,000 times since 1996. This includes grizzly and black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars, moose, elk, deer, bighorn sheep, and more recently wolverine and lynx.
Ouch, that really sounds pretty hard: lots of rain and wind. Here in Switzerland it was quite the opposite: lots of sun and not enough rain, one of the warmest Marches. I’m glad you start to see some green now and didn’t quit observing.
Spring is slow to show it’s face here on the east coast this year, too. We’ll get one nice “teaser” day when it’s warm and the sun is shining, only to be followed by a week of cold, damp, gray, rainy weather. And yet I hope…….
This is a great post and the obvious take away is that providing habitat to urban wildlife can and usually does improve the experience for humans as well. It does not have to be one or the other.
nest box brick
Canada is beautiful. We were lucky enough to visit Vancouver and Banff and I particulary remember Lake Louise. Stunning.
Great Post thank you 😀
thought you might like my machinima film the butterflys tale ~
Great post. None of these books have I read–guess I’d better get busy.
David Attenborough is indeed inspirational in everything he does. I enjoy anything by him whether it be a book or a film. Your book selections are surely inspirational. And your blog certainly reflects your commitment to nature. Thank you for participating in The Earth Day Reading Project!
Thank you for this Kelly … the concept is fun and streches the imagination … I have always loved the concept of underground houses and this takes that to a whole new level.
Importantly, while the city concept has limited relevance, it will give me ideas on how to create a community focus for our surburban restoration. Our initial Mimosa Creek Precinct Landscape Plan: http://wp.me/pNUwx-67 identifies common issues gaining support from multiple property owners with widely different motivations and perceptions of environment.
Mt Gravatt Environment Group
Floating city project was inspired by the disastrous consequences of Hurricane Katrina from 2005. which hit New Orleans. The damage was so great that the city is still in the process of rebuilding. Now a group of designers, whose base is in Boston, made a new proposal for a floating city that will be located on the Mississippi River levee. The project named “New Orleans Arcology Habitat” is an acronym NOAH.
Sound so interesting and noble…
And I am so thrilled that you’ll be sharing your wisdom with us 🙂 Welcome to the team!!
One of my favorites! We have a ton of skunk cabbage growing along the creek in our backyard. I love how it transforms the forest floor.
Really like your photo montage!
We’ve got Skunk Cabbage here on the East Coast too, and it’s a wonderful plant for early season flies and other pollinators. And my favorite thing is that even after a long, hard winter you know that spring really will come when you see (or smell) the first Skunk Cabbage of the year.
This is so wonderful to see a community band together to create habitat for wildlife! I really hope we begin to see more and more communities doing this.
Nice post. We’ve had bumble bees around the yard, but it seems like there are fewer than last year. Maybe they’ll return if the weather ever improves!
I really enjoy your photographs. With my youngster on Thursday morning, I observed lots of bees in a lovely church garden in the West Village.
I’m going to check it out (hopefully literally if my library has it)
This post makes me recall a few lines from one of my most favorite poems from William Balke: Sound the Flute!/Now it’s mute/Birds delight/Day and Night/Nightingale/In the dale/Lark in Sky/Merrily/Merrily Merrily to welcome in the Year. Ah, spring!
Our neighbor has a bunch of these growing in their front yard right now. They are a nice splash of color on yet another cloudy day.
You are right Kelly. This design is exciting in its novelty and creativity. I like the use of an agricultural landscape element (ridge and furrow) to address an urbanized problem.
I have a colony of bees which have made a nest in hole in my barn wall, which was originally made by mice or squirrels. I had never been stung by a bee until this year and one evening while putting my goats in for the night, one became very aggressive and chased me as I left the barn and got me. I have always practiced the art of movely slowly when around bees, and not swatting at them, but there were three or four buzzing my head while working and I made the mistake of swatting at one, and that’s all it took. I live in western Washington state, and have never seen bees like these, their lower back is a rather bright red color. I don’t like killing bees because I know they are very beneficial, but as they are right at the entrance of my barn and I don’t want them closed in at night with my goats, I am a little concerned about their presence. Plus, although the pain wasn’t all that bad, I am not particularly fond of them buzzing my head while working and the fact this bee had the nerve to actually chase me down and sting me. I am also concerned that they are nesting in the wall of the barn which contains fiberglass insulation and wonder if it is harmful to them. Any suggestions?
we have hundreds of honey bees and bumble bees mainly on a small Japanese Holly Hedge. One of the bumbles stung me yesterday while i was weeding – maybe a nest in the ground under a grassy plant ? the bees are great for pollinating but the quantities and buzz is unnerving
Be good to talk to you about IHDC – after I emailed you last I was thinking of talking with you and Marielle in NYC about are plans to export it in 2012/13
I would absolutely love to see it back here again. As you know the IHDC was modeled after the competition of a similar name from Portland. I made the single biggest mistake of my entire school career by choosing one design studio over another and missed out on the opportunity to submit a design to the original competition. It’s unfortunate Metro hasn’t followed up with another competition, but I think it would be great to see in the Pacific Northwest again one way or another.
Great post. I saw a similar backyard habitat exhibit at the Portland Zoo last weekend.
That’s a fabulous green roof. A picture f the overall building would be nice, so as to see how the roof appears in the design. Is the roof only visible from the top, or does the building have more of an “earth-sheltered” design?
Sorry for the bad editing!
If you visit the Flickr photo gallery there are a couple photos of the overall building. I should have put a link to the album in the post. http://www.flickr.com/photos/metrofieldguide/sets/72157624369396697/with/5933871483/
It is visible from the ground, but it’s a fairly tall building and there aren’t many long distance vantage points of it because the zoo has so many winding paths and dense vegetation, so you don’t tend to see the building until you’re very close to it. As we stood up on the roof, nobody even glanced up to see us there, but if you look, especially with the tall grasses now, you would certainly see it.
This seed catalogue concept reminded me of vacant lot greening strategies proposed in the Vacant to Vibrant handbook at http://gtechstrategies.org/assets/CommHandbook_VacantToVibrant.pdf.
Thanks for sharing that book Georgia, I wasn’t familiar with it. It’s a great idea, I like how they outlined the different possibilities for lots and that community expression was one of them. It would be nice to see a program where this sort of idea could be implemented in partnership with the property owner for use on a temporary basis. In my neighborhood, there were several lots that sat empty for multiple years while waiting out the economic problems, permitting issues, financing, etc. It would be great to see those lots being used in the interim for the community. I just saw a story from San Francisco about Parkmobiles, temporary parks that can be moved around the city and that type of mobile idea would be great for vacant lots and could move from lot to lot until it’s developed or had a more permanent solution. Funny how certain random things come together in a short time to start the brain thinking.
This is fascinating Kelly. I love the recipe approach, and am imagining the combinations of each type.
Just in case Ellen is still looking for Pacific Snowberry to purchase in Seattle, I picked up a gallon plant at Swanson’s a few months ago and it is so lovely! Those inconspicuous pink buds are just starting to shoot, and I’m thinking I may even have berries this winter! Thank you for this beautiful, reverent write-up, MFG!
I love my salmonberry plants! I have some in the yard and they exploded this year- not sure why. Deer ate most of one early in the season but it had a comeback.
A very curious idea. I wonder what would happen if the load on the membrane was too great? I assume there would be built in safety systems to counter catastrophe? I’m also not convinced enough light would make it through the alley ways and I’d be interested to see case studies for the lighting done. Still, a very curious idea. Thanks for sharing.
I was never aware of this project. I have noted in the past that appreciation of nature was a Northwest value. This is one of the best examples of this I have seen. Thanks for the post.
Thanks for the shout-out.
Thanks, this article helped me alot
Wow. Would I like to see that!
Love this plant. It is a great one for naturalizing an area. It spreads fast!
ooh, great idea!
Thanks for the info! I always wondered about their name because I’ve seen them on the ground.
Love your new feature, and you chose a fine clip to start it off. I saw the Austin bats once years ago. An extraordinary sight! You’re lucky out in the Northwest that you have no white nose syndrome, the emerging disease that is killing bats in the Northeast. Here’s hoping scientists can figure out how to stop it before it spreads across the country.
Precious, in a good way. My son found a hurt Monarch in the playground last week and he and his friend still talk about it.
Great intro to crows, an amazing bird. I’ve always been crazy for crows, especially when I lived in the Northwest (Portland is Crow City, too). Loved “Crow Planet”, which I think I learned about from an earlier post of yours.
Great photo of a hoverfly on your insect hotel.
Ah, dragonflies! Here on the east coast, we have a remarkable seabird called the Black Skimmer, so I thought your post was about a type of bird I’d never encountered. What a handsome insect the Eight-spotted skimmer is. Thanks for introducing it to me.
Great post, Kelly! I saw this dragonfly species out in the Alvord Desert, east of Steens Mountains. They were hanging out by Mickey Hot Springs. Very cool insects. Thanks for all the good information in your post.
I love the challenge of maples v. sycamores.
However, the hard part in North America, I think, is distinguishing between a London Plane and its American parent, particularly with amount cross-breeding which has gone on. I don’t know if the Asians have the same\ difficulty distinguishing the Asian parent.
The only the only test I find that is reliable in the field: an older tree that has a straight, tall trunk and the bark at the bottom has lost the camouflage look and is now craggy- light to medium brown is definitely an American Sycamore. Some say you can distinguish by the shape and size of the leaf, the number of seed pods in a cluster, or whether the under bark is more creamy or more white but a study of a 100 local trees in Stamford CT didn’t find these distinctions always reliable.
BTW: in my neck of the woods, Acer rubrum (swamp or red maple) has a v-shaped sinus which is helpful to distinguish it from the sugar maples and (invasive) Norway maples, that have rounded sinuses.
Love the new series, and this first post – thanks, Georgia and Kelly.
Sue: thanks for the peer review. It is not only in your area where the sinuses of red maple leaves are v-shaped! The error is mine.
Great post. We certified our yard through Washington Fish and Wildlife, mainly to support their program, but also for the inspiration the sign might bring to our neighbors. And here’s a confession for you: the reason we chose the F and W program? Because the sign is prettier! Alas, true. But the provide a lot of great education material via their website/newsletter.
The following observation from your review is a very convincing reason to read this book!
“One aspect of this book which puts it a head above the others is explaining why these design elements are important by explaining plant succession, wildlife populations and structural diversity.”
Great photo, Kelly! I saw some of these guys at Ridgefield NWR last weekend.
Thanks Ivan! I got really lucky when I was living in the Willamette Valley, there was a small pond in a park near where I lived and they visited it in somewhat large numbers. It was easy to capture them with the camera just by sitting along the edge of the pond and waiting for them to swim by. I really like to listen to their calls, they seem to be very unique.
There are now 10 new rain gardens installed in the West Seattle Delridge community by Stewardship Partners this past July. Enjoy a new Caffe Vita 12,000 Rain Gardens Coffee blend and a portion of sales goes towards installing rain gardens. All this exciting stuff and even an industrial rain garden at the Port of Tacoma that protects Commencement Bay from zinc and other heavy metals. Please visit our website for this and many other rain garden examples.
I have always liked this one: http://allpoetry.com/poem/8538991-The_Giving_Tree-by-Shel_Silverstein
Looks like a lovely & successful design that accommodates plants, wildlife & humans. Bravo.
Here’s hoping visitors’ positive feedback will influence the content of future shows.
I miss the SF Flower & Garden Show!
Thank you for this fascinating piece. I came across one of these centipedes while visiting my father in Atlanta. Not knowing what it was I relocated it outside without losing a leg. I’ve never come across the house centipede in Florida, but would love to have one on patrol.
Found you via an Iranian architecture page on fb! Will hope to dip in and out to learn more about designs which hold/filter water whilst being good for wildlife (humans too!). Great website, thanks.
I love this new series…it will have me thinking twice!
im terrified of these things. i thought reading this article could help me understand them better.nope…still terrified as ever!
Me too! Im pretty positive I just found one in my room and I dont think ill be able to sleep now 🙁
I love the humour in you story!
That’s a very interesting decorating idea… and also an idea how to transform a poor location into a place of interest
What is the most profound interaction you have had with urban nature?
I was out in my garden (well–what we were hoping would soon be a part of our garden); the rock-hard “antique” dirt had sat under a house for 50 years before burning down in the 70s, and this empty lot, now ours we were slowly bringing back to life.
So, I was out hacking away with my shovel I noticed that something had been able to create a tunnel. Weird. It was way too small to be a mole, maybe 1/4″ diameter. Hmmmm. Who else can dig through this kind of clay? I carefully chunked up a few more shovel-fulls and then sat down to rest, and within minutes an enormous worm appeared; it undulated over the newly tilled dirt, wiggled it’s way for about 6 feet, and then slowly burrowed into the clay. OMG. I was stunned. This was no garden worm.
I still don’t know what kind of worm it was, but it was at least 18″ long, pinkish white, and definitely not a snake.
Profound in that I was totally mesmerized: I must have watched it for 10 minutes before it disappeared. Sweet.
I was walking Lincoln Park, watching a sea lion on its back, eating a salmon. All of a sudden, an eagle swooped from the cliffs above, snatched the salmon from the sea lion, and flew back up into the trees. The sea lion looked so comical as it raised its head and looked around, as if thinking “What happened? Where’s my lunch?”
As I came into the kitchen to make coffee early one morning, my cat was upset: her cat food bowl was empty (she always left a wee bit for the morning) and her water was muddy. Hmmmm.
This continued for several days, and then one morning I noticed that in addition to the dirty water and missing food, there were little muddy footprints in the kitchen. We had a magnetic cat-door, but something was getting in.
That night we waited in the dark, and sure enough, we heard the cat door slam…
we gave our cat-food thief a minute, then snapped on the lights:
there were three wide-eyed baby raccoons, busy washing their little paws and getting ready to eat.
With their careful fingers they were able to lift the cat door towards themselves (and out-smart the lock) and then they were still small enough to fit through the cat-door. All three plunged through the cat-door, and we watched as they and mom hurried down the alley.
The pictures! Noooooo!
Great article, but when I try to mellow my instinctive loathing of them, and then see those closeups, Gaaack! Back to the battlefront!
Seriously though, this is an excellent piece on these creatures. I’ve been wondering about them for a year now, ever since I found the first one seemingly waiting to ambush me in the bathtub, and now I see that they are actually beneficial.
Lovely article, Ivan, about fascinating animals. Smelling skunk doesn’t always mean that a skunk is near. Here in the niortheast, such a smell could mean skunk cabbage rather than skunk. And over the past few years, especially in certain urban settings like NYC, the smell is more likely to be caused by your neighbors smoking new strains of marijuana that smell remarkably like, yes, you guess it, skunk! We do have skunks in Manhattan, although mostly up near the northern tip of the island. For a while, I was smelling them everywhere, in the parks and the streets, and was starting to wonder what the heck was going on. I was enlightened by younger people in my life, who were pretty amused by my confusion.
Although I’ve never seen one in inner SE Portland, we do smell them and a neighbor’s dog got a good spray in their back yard recently and they had quite a time removing the smell from the dog and the interior of their house and furniture.
A great post as always Ivan. I always love to see someone speaking up for the “bad guys.” A dog and skunk story is one of our family’s classic memories. One night my childhood dog (a little poodle/terrier mix no bigger than a large rat!) came home smelling badly of skunk. It was late and stores were closed. All my mom had was frozen chunky tomato sauce. It helped, but as you noted, it doesn’t get rid of the smell completely. Poor dog had chunks in his fur for days! 🙂
Even though my dogs have been sprayed many times, I’m a big fan of skunks. Sweet little creatures who deserve more respect! I’m a beekeeper too, but it’s easy enough to prevent skunks from raiding your hives. They aren’t causing me any problems with my bees. Great post!
I think you can name it as Zebra Crossing for animals only!….MATTS
Well shoot, that’s two times I’ve seen this book highly recommended. Awesome. Maybe in 20 years apartment complexes and industrial parks will be gardens.
The quote you selected and the book cover are brilliant! Can’t wait to read the book. Thanks for the review.
This book is THE book for landscape designers, professional or amateur, who want to build sustainable constructed landscapes. Great review, Kelly. A must-buy!
Very interesting! I know we have at least one underneath our bird feeder area. Do they occasionally eat seeds?
Yes, the Eastern mole is known to eat seeds, as well as the insects that the seeds attract. BT
What an amazing animal…fascinating post too! This is one animal we do not have yet where I live in central NY…my cursed critter is the vole as they do real damage to my gardens… I am not so worried about my lawn as I am eliminating more of it.
Thank you. According to several references I checked, there are two species of moles in your part of New York-the hairy-tailed mole and the star-nosed. Might check with your neighbors and see if they have seen evidence of moles. Voles can be a problem; out here they sometimes girdle young fruit trees in the winter. BT
Fascinating post, thank you. I used to laugh at my dog who would start digging up the yard for no apparent reason until I read that dogs can hear the moles squeaking in their burrows,
Kelly, excellent interview! I enjoyed your review so this book is on my list. I am thrilled to see threads of my nature-making project in this conversation — I’m on the right track. I hope you will conduct more interviews, maybe with a podcast option.
I don’t have any experience with fossorials so am glad that Bob has written about the pocket gopher.
The hydrologic cycle is indeed very complex. More so than I had ever thought previously. Thanks for the information I imagine it must have taken quite a while to put this all together.
Great post for the first day of spring, Kelly! One of these days I am going to get a look at the ‘plums’ of this plant. I am thinking I could use cheesecloth or something to cover up a fertilized cluster of flowers and then return when the fruits are fully formed. The cheesecloth would keep birds or other animals from eating the fruits before I get a chance to observe them.
I have so much Indian Plum growing in my backyard it isn’t funny. Every area which is partially shaded has these plants growing, and they keep volunteering! I have never seen a ripe fruit on any of them- maybe I’ll try Ivan’s trick.
Fabulous article and I love the vintage illustrations that go along with the information. I have never seen a mole but we have marsupial moles in Australia I believe.
Here in NW Florida Cherokee Plum is one of the first to bloom. In his book, Bringing Nature Home (highly recommended) Douglas Tallamy lists members of the Prunus genus as an important source of food for wildlife. “In the East they support 10 species of giant silk moths, such as cecropia moth, polyphemus moth, imperial moth, and io moth; 5 species of butterflies, such as the tiger swallowtail and red-spotted purple; 63 species of inchworms; and 18 species of dagger moths.” In February the nectar is a favorite of question mark butterflies in my yard.
Mine is a tough tree. A couple of years ago a large forager broke the main trunk in half. As new growth came out I encouraged the branch that was pointing a little upwards to take the lead. The damage is hardly noticeable now.
I must also mention the beautiful reddish color of the wood. A striking native, not to be missed.
I”m wondering if I can raise Mason Bees in southern New Jersey>
What an interesting story! She’s great!
If Julie’s book is anything like her blog, I can’t wait to read it and look forward to your review of the book.
Love this! As a budding naturalist who works with the public on a regular basis, I so appreciate a place where I can troll for resources with ease, and you deliver with the most intriguing and interesting links. Thank you for your thorough work. – lk
I agree, Lisa.
I have two large bushes that were planted 20 years ago. Now I have small ones growing elsewhere in the yard. I live in southern Arizona at 4500 feet. They start blooming in January here and the fruit starts to ripen in May. Now early June the berries are ripening fast. They last a long time as the ONLY BIRD that eats these berries is the Mockingbird.
How fantastic is this?! I checked out the website and was pleased to find the “Trees to Feed the Bees” list.
I will have to find the River of Flowers site in NYC; wonder if NYC Wildflower Week is involved.
Thanks for writing about these guys! I just observed a house centipede cleaning itself today and found this article while googling the behavior. It’s really neat to watch them be so particular about cleanliness since people often assume they’re dirty.
This post is brilliant! We watched Nemo many times this summer so “Mine! Mine!” was a comment chant in our home. We had a memorably bad experience with a lunch snatching gull this summer too. Glad to learn about the diversity and food ways of this bird group.
What all birds need when raising their young is insects. Baby birds need the concentrated fat and protien. This is a hard sell to gardeners. They don’t want to see insect chewed plants.
Very interesting points on whether feeding birds with bird feeders helps or hinders the local population. Some studies seem to indicate feeding birds in the winter is a good idea. I think the concept of planting native plants to encourage birds to the area is an excellent idea.
Hi Kelly – big fan of MFG! You make some good points about misunderstood weeds, but I’d have to respectfully disagree with the pokeweed suggestion. Phytolacca americana is relatively new to the NW, but it’s already on Oregon’s invasive weed watch list. The primary concern is that this weed spreads quite easily (via birds) and all parts of the plant can be toxic if ingested by humans or livestock. In the Portland area, efforts are being made to prevent this weed from becoming established (http://4countycwma.org/urban-weed-control/) . For people who like the look of pokeweed, I’d suggest our native elderberries as an alternative.
Hello Kelly! I am so happy to just now discover your site! Thank you!
And to Erik Carr ^ EVERY plant has many uses that are often unknown and dismissed under the umbrella of thinking that the plant is a noxious ‘weed.’ Pokeweed is one of the most powerful medicines in the plant kingdom and has been successfully used in cancer treatment and is currently being researched and tested for leukemia and AIDS. It is vigorous and dominant, so must be tended with this in mind. But often our toxic plants are therefore our most powerful plants; poisons kill poisons. As with every plant, it evolved alongside us and all our relations, and so can not be dismissed or ‘weeded’ out simply for fear that it might poison. Livestock will avoid it at all times unless their pasture or forage is so scarce or limited that they are desperate. Animals KNOW when a plant is poison and will not ingest it willingly.
Just a quick search for ‘pokeweed medicinal uses’ will reveal its uses throughout history and its potential future uses in the pharmaceutical world. I love pokeweed and always allow some bushes to grow on our Botanical sanctuary. The birds and animals love them too.
‘pokeweed medicinal uses’ search examples:
“Big Horse Woman”
“…Everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and every person a mission. This is the Indian theory of existence.” ~ Mourning Dove (Christine Quintasket) (ca. 1884-1936)
It’s interesting that Oregon would list it on their invasive watch list and that the USDA map would show it as native in 40 states including Oregon.
I have read many times that it is toxic. I also grew up eating it so I don’t see how it is a hazard to anyone. My mother who is now 89 still delights in finding it growing in her yard and starts picking the leaves to cook as soon as they are available in the spring. My favorite way to eat them is battered and fried but she also likes them cooked like turnip greens.
I have seen pokeweed since I was a little girl 50 plus years ago. I learned the berries were poisonous but we used them as ink during play. Poke leaves can be eaten when the plant is young, although I never have. I haven’t noticed it being invasive at all. I have one plant growing up near my birdfeeders, obviously a seed was deposited there by my bird friends. Can’t see why anyone would call it invasive. Now, the Asian honeysuckle, that’s an invasive plant!
What about milkweed being the only thing Monarch butterflies eat?
milkweed is the only plant that Monarch butterfly caterpillars can feed on (host plants) but, the adult Monarch butterfly will feed on many other plants as well (nectar plants). If you research it, there are many varieties of milkweed available but be sure which variety is suitable for each butterfly species. But, nature knows best so, the butterflies will know which to use. I am sorry if this reply is not what you were seeking with your question.
I have a couple of stands of chicory growing on each side of my driveway. The Goldfinches love it and return year after year. I love the blue flowers in the morning. It grows wild and all I had to do was not mow those sections of lawn. Surprisingly, I have had people ask me what those pretty blue flowers are.
You’re so right Vicky, on all counts. However, we can learn. We learned to appreciate abstract art, atonal music and modern dance. With a little help from wily environmentalists, we can learn to appreciate a garden as much for its wild and uninvited elements as its planned ones.
Very nice book review – I enjoyed it very much!
Thanks for the interesting info. Sometimes the “weeds” are the prettiest (and most useful) plants in the field.
Thank you for the opportunity to be more aware of what really matters.
You are a kindred spirit, Kelly, and I’m so glad I found your blog. We’ll be coming to Seattle next month, and I’m putting as many of your 5 fave parks on the must see list as possible. Beavers are my special animal, so I hope we see some great evidence of their habitation.
Thank you for stopping by! I always appreciate finding kindred spirits.
You’ll likely appreciate this recent Seattle Times article about some neighbors complaining about beaver damage at a park, to which the parks department said, they’re beavers, it’s what they do.
I hope you enjoy your visit to Seattle!
I shared the article with our FB Beaver Mgmt. Forum group. Fortunately some of the commenters are more progressive where beavers are concerned. Thanks for sharing it!
the birds are highly upset in the states and world over non native species sold and planted ruining their soils uneducated people planting killed the native trees shrubs grasses and plants animals really like the government refusing to order them removed from propertys and do it right even the government is wrong stop telling sellers and people moving to the areas okay the soil must be corrected
Thanks for the post and information Kelly. We’re learning so much about roof landscaping and green initiatives for that space – very intriguing as it moves from large buildings to private homes in the suburbs.
I have two questions about mason bees.
I purchased a tube with 5 bee cocoons in it. I just took them out of my frig. One cocoon is so large in the tube that I can’t fit it into my house with the 5/16 holes. And, in the plastic bag, there are a lot of little specks – are they little poops? Do I clean them off before I put the tube outdoors.
It makes no sense to me how the cocoons at the back of the tube start to leave the tube first. How does it push out the one in front and the one in front of that, etc. Is the yellow fluggy stuff the pollen in the tube from last year?
Good morning Kelly
I just received my first order of mason bees! I have them now in a large plastic opaque box with a small plate of sugar water in the event they need energy and hydration. Most of the mason bees that I ordered are still in their cocoons, which are in the fridge and will be taken out in about a week when they are to be transplanted outside.
I have a question that perhaps you can help me with. Just starting out in (honey) Bee Keeping, so I know there are no guarantees, but are there any ways to try to keep the mason bees attracted to their mason bee house ( I have two in the plastic box with them. I am hoping if I keep the mason bees in the box with their new mason bee house, they will get used to it) and not fly away, once they are released? They will be released in a property with flowers and fruit trees so perhaps that will keep them around. It would be a bummer if they simply fly away. Thoughts?
Roy and Anna
Pretty late in the day, but just thought you’d like to know that I have one of these living in my kitchen – seen for the first time tonight. I live in the north of England. Don’t think they’re very common here. I think it might be hunting woodlice. Or it might have come in with the male house spiders. It’s mating season for these big boys in the UK at the moment. Oh joy. More multi-legged monstrosity.
I absolutely love, love, love this plant! Have an abundance through summer and it breaks my heart to see it fade away already. We just had our house painted and in prepping the painters cut down 90% of bushes next to house. Even though it was at the end of its blooming season, bees were still coming for the nectar (I love bees, too) and such a joy to see them all day busily working all the blooms. We’re moving to Kay County, OK and I am taking seeds with us in the hopes the Fireweed will grow as beautifully there. Again, so happy I caught sight of the picture just now!
Fruit Gardener magazine needs photos of salmonberries. Do you have any we could use for publication?
If so, please send to email@example.com (Ron Couch). Thanks.
Awwwww, what a little cutie! Come to papa, come to papa, I’m gonna make a terrarium just for you and give ya yummy snacks! OMG! OMG! OMG! Look at that face, cuteness explosion!
I love this plant but i dont think i can get it in Africa (Nigeria) and if i can get it what is the commonly name in Nigeria.
Congratulations! I knew about your daughter but not the garden! I look forward to reading more about the garden and how your family engages with it all.
I just discovered the Metropolitan Field Guide through the Portland Nature Focus newsletter. I love your website.
Do you have a subscription for newsletters? I would like to sign up so I don’t miss your great posts.
Also, I’m the managing editor for OutdoorsNW magazine and I’m always looking for new fresh writers like yourself. Would you be interested in talking more about writing a few articles for our 2016 editorial calendar?
Thank you and take care,
Thank you very much for taking the time to read some of my website! I’m very glad you like it. You can submit your email here to get updates every time I post: http://feedburner.google.com/fb/a/mailverify?uri=TheMetropolitanFieldGuide&loc=en_US
I had some technical problems with my previous newsletter plugin and I’m currently in the process of setting up a new system for them. I’ll be more than happy to let you know when that is ready.
I am certainly interested in writing articles, I’ll follow up with an email to the address you provided. Thank you!
There’s also an atmospheric reason for beginning the dawn chorus so early: the nighttime inversion forces cool air down. The sounds reflect off of this cooler layer and propagate further than they do when the warming ground lifts the air up. So the birds songs can be heard at a greater distance.
Hello. I must say I thank you for the post about the centiped. When I was younger my dad told me they eat spiders not to kill them
After finding one on the wall I decided to investigate if they in fact do… thank you for sharing my? Chad
Ms. Brenner – thanks much for your helpful information. I now know exactly where to plant my new snowberry plants. Noted in Birds & Blooms that snowberry was much loved by birds in the winter. Ordered 6 plants from Oikos Tree Crops here in Michigan (we are in the Northeast quadrant of Lower Michigan, 30 miles west of Alpena). Hopefully, the plantings will survive our recently-extreme frigid temps.
Ms. Brenner – a question for you. In my previous comment I mentioned having just purchased 6 snowberry plants (1′ tall) which were labeled as “Dwarf.” Don’t know if you can recommend a supplier of non-dwarf varieties. Thanks, again.
Hi dude. I might can help mate to send some from UK if you will send me some from your country eh?:)
We had one visit our home today in southern Wisconsin. Definitely a beautiful creature…. Next time one visits we may just keep it in a terrarium. I was happy to see an article about them. Incidentally, we also have a bathroom spider. We named her Fido (because she seems to be the size of a small dog!)
i turned the apartment lights on and there it was. I didn’t have time to react. He shot across the wall like it was on fire. I haven’t seen him since. I know he keeps the place free of insects but it is still creepy. Good article.
Thank you so much for taking the time to write that comprehensive and lovely review! We truly appreciate it. Your readers might also want to check out my website and blog: http://www.realgardensgrownatives.com
I’m writing from restreets.org, a multi-disciplinary collaboration focused on the planning, design and construction of streets as a method for improving our built environment.
We’re publishing a book and are including a case study write-up of the Pollinator Pathway project. Do you own the rights to the images you’ve posted on your blog? If so, might you be willing to send me high-res versions, with permission to publish, as well as any photo credit information?
Your help is much appreciated!
This was a really nice read. I’m glad to see that some gardeners are becoming more interested in growing indigenous plants- it really helps the indigenous systems hang on as long as they can.
Thank you for stopping by my website, I do own the copyright to the photographs in this post, but the planting template is owned by the Pollinator Pathway. I’d be happy to discuss selling the images for use in your book, you can contact me via the contact form under ‘About’ in the menu at the top of the website..
Looks like a great year!
Good for you, and us, Kelly! The hair ice and evening grosbeaks eating seeds are fascinating finds.
Thank you Georgia!
Thank you Georgia! It was very exciting to watch, I’m looking forward to going back.
Fascinating!!! I never had a clue. So much to learn, so little time. ☺
Jan Brett’s books are great. I didn’t will make a special point to look for Mossy on our next library trip since it’s your favorite Brett title.
400 books is impressive, by the way!
I hope you enjoy it Georgia!
Great article and thank you for sharing your experience and knowledge about the crows at UWB/CC. I am a student at CC and I spend a few minutes every night… or more watching and walking around admiring the thousands of crows (I would not be suprised if it well over 10,000 now). It is a beautiful spectacle of nature and one I hope we get to see for some time.
It’s great to read this post, and to see the photos, Kelly. We read bald eagle and crow books this week.
What happy serendipity!
What a treasure, in terms of the content and the inter-generational connections!
The “On Cloud Nine” enamel mug is adorable!
Excellent review of a wonderful set of improvememts at the Zoo – which inspire us all! Thank you!
Happy Birthday, Amalie! Have a great year 4.
Bears love these things. There’s a band of snow berries along the Delta river a couple miles long and the Bears crush these things. It’s brings em in the yard. Good news is they seem to stay busy in the berries!
Congrats on 100 days! What commitment!
Thank you very much!!
Awesome pictures today. Camera or phone?
Thanks so much for this nice review of Baby Birds! Sorry the birds I worked with aren’t all indigenous to your area. There’s much to be learned by extrapolation to species that *are* found in the Pacific Northwest: your wrens and chickadees, titmice and bluebirds should act a lot like ours. Thanks for getting it–that it’s unique and has never been tackled before. I already want to do Vol. II! Best,
Glad you are keeping the lilacs for now. I really like the flowers and their scent. And of course, those bees are voting with their buzz.
Thank you! All but the two photos of the flies were with my Nikon camera, the flies with my phone.
Nice additions to your nature picture book collection!
Love this 365 day project you are doing. And your woodland garden so lovely! I did something similar at my last property where we had a side yard that needed alot of love. The riverstone looks great. Sweet that you found a good place for the spider. I encounter many as I was landscaping last summer (for work) and always made the effort to move them somewhere safer.
Thanks for visiting and taking the time to leave a comment! I’m so glad to hear from other people who save spiders. Anyone who takes the time to save spiders and other small creatures is a hero in my book.
Very inspiring, I will follow your footsteps. People say that the best for of adulation is copying the best. So I will di just that.
Day 127! And so many improvement projects! It’s a treat to read your daily nature journal.
Thank you Georgia! I’m glad you’re enjoying them and thanks for sticking with me and following along. 🙂
I am so bummed right now that the only programs of his on Netflix are those that he narrated. None of the ones he was actually in the episodes are available for streaming. Might have to start checking them out from our library… I’ve had the pleasure of meeting Jane Goodall and Edward O. Wilson. I’d love to meet Attenborough too!
I’d love to meet him too Michael! To be honest, I’ve gone all out for my David Attenborough DVD collection, even buying a UK DVD player so I can watch them all. Some of the older ones aren’t even available in the US, in any format.
I’ll be suggesting some DVD purchases to the Multnomah County Library. 🙂
You are right. What a great day! You never know what is out there if you never take the time to stop and look. Good for you.
Thanks for writing this. We had one in the kitchen. My mom just took it out!!!!!!:):):):)
Incredible photos! I can see why you like your new camera.
Wow I want to get a look at your curiosity cabinet! Loved reading this post–I learned some new things! Thank you!
Very cool. To bad about the chick though.
The brown grass and sagebrush is such an amazing contrast the green on this side of the cascades, isn’t it? The change occurs so quickly. It’s an amazing shift.
I must have driven right by you yesterday on my way back from Columbia NWR. I’ll wave next time!
Everything I am reading about the Eight spotted Skimmer says it is a western species. I have seen and photographed a female today in Ohio.
Yes, everything indicates that Eight-spotted Skimmer is a western species. There are several species with very similar looking females, such as the Common Whitetail. You may submit your photos to BugGuide and see what they say about it. http://bugguide.net/
I woke up with one in my mouth once. I had bitten down in my sleep while snoring and it almost disintegrated in my mouth. I ran to the washroom, looked in the mirror and its legs were all over my tongue. I’m forever traumatized by this.
Glad your beach walk was enjoyable after an unpleasant night.
I wish I could live harmoniously with them, but if I am aware of ones presence, I will do battle with it. Since I lack many many arms and legs to make it a fair fight, I utilize my superior technology. Thank goodness for my vacuum.
Yay! You’re in Scotland!
Kelly, may I suggest you delete the intro “365 days of nature” as that is the lead for all of the bloglovin’ updates I get and it usurps any of your daily stories. So it’s like getting the same update every day and I havent been clicking on your dailies as a result. Those who follow you know about your 365 effort so you can drop it from your intro all together. Just my two cents! Can’t wait for more updates and sorry about your luggage!
Such wonderful wildlife viewing! You are seeing so much just right in situ, cant wait to hear more!
How totally frustrating for you, Kelly! By the way the moth photo from day 207 is just beautiful. I am staring at it now. I’ll look forward to your round up when you come into wifi contact again!
Welcome back! I was in your hood today, tidying up at the vacant lot. Glad you are back safe and sound and trust that Scotland was fabulous!
Those syrphids — could it have been a mind-control fungal infection, or something? Can’t quite make sense of it. I’ve seen lots of individual flying insects dead at tips of leaves this time of year, but never a whole mess of the same species like that.
Oh good thought. That may be the case, I’ll have to try and research it when I get a chance.
Was it perhaps one of the flightless oil beetles? I saw a whole phalanx of them once….
It’s possible! I’ll put it on BugGuide and see if anyone knows.
Oh, now having seen the photo, it really does look like a carabid who’s had its elytra snapped off halfway. Very odd.
Possibly freshwater bryozoa?
Possible! I did a quick search online and they look rather large. The ones I have are tiny but maybe there are more. I need to spend more time researching. Thanks for the suggestion, I’ll continue to look into it.
Are you saying you purposely leave lights on to attract moths? Urban artificial lights are a major threat to moth and other populations.
We leave our porch lights on for safety and all of our new porch lights are dark sky approved lights. Before we upgraded the lights, the old ones attracted moths, a few each week. During the summer I do put out moth traps or lights once in awhile to document the moths we have in this area and I try to submit them to various citizen science projects. I also participate most years in National Moth Week http://nationalmothweek.org/ by exploring the moth diversity that visits our yard.
Full of nature, adventure, politics and power, and family and friendships, I enjoyed this book very much.
I too had a traumatizing experience. I got out of the shower one day and wrapped my towel around myself only to feel an odd wiggling sensation on my stomach. I looked and there it was, the centipede and legs crushed but still wiggling. I always shake out my towels rigorously now before using them..
<a href="https://animationfascination.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/the-many-adventures-of-winnie-the-pooh-hd.png" title="Pooh gets stuck"
I love this comparison, thank you so much for sharing!
Love it: pluviophile! I am too! I just texted my friend about it saying loved both the incredible warm day we had on Friday but also the rainy day on Saturday (colder + grey). The air always seems to fresh from a rainfall (and I guess it is!) and I enjoy cozy days that give us an opportunity to slow down. Interesting read – thanks for the review!
What a great shot of those Bushtits!
A librarian friend who follows your blog faithfully suggested that I browse through it because of the nature content. I thoroughly enjoyed browsing through it today.and and love your articles on nature! The bird in one of your photos with the gold spot on top of its head is called a Golden Crown Kinglet. They are busy in the spring time collecting seeds that have blown on the road from the winds in my neighborhood.
I look forward to your future posts
Thank you for visiting!
Do any of you know where I might be able to find wild (meaning in nature) Snowberries in Washington state. Preferably in Western Washington around Tacoma or Gig Harbor. I need a cup of the berries for my Biology class to get extra credit points, because my teacher is doing research on them. Any helpful hints as to where I can find some would be amazing!
How exciting! Great choice on the Varied Thrush. Can’t wait to see it.
How fun Kelly!
I planted a snowberry about 10 years ago in the rocky mountains. It has never produced flowers or berries. There is only one plant. It seems happy. The garden is on a south faced hill. The snowberry is in shade in the afternoon. The soil is alkaline. Help would be appreciated. I plant my yard for the birds, bees and #$@!! deer.
I couldn’t say. You may try contacting your local extension service through your closest university for a better idea on your specific site.
Very exciting about your garden projects!
I’ve been doing some slow gardening over the past couple of years. Luckily when we moved in the yard was mostly a blank canvas. I have a small shady backyard so it will be fun to see what is happy back there – right now I have zig zag golden rod (which the pollinators love in the fall!), panicle aster, three types of ferns and some meadow rue. I want to add some shrubs to introduce berries in our yard. We’re lucky as we have a butternut (neighbours but right on the edge so half of the tree is on our side also), pine, spruce, cedar and an apple tree. Squirrel haven!
I love the blank canvas, it’s nice to create something from scratch, but at the same time, so much work! Fortunately, for habitat, it only takes a little bit of improvement to see immediate results. It helps to keep me going with the rest of the yard.
What amazing things you are noticing with this 365 project! That mushroom (want to call it a toadstool!) is wild!
Oh wow – that would have been an amazing experience! (definitely a reward for an excruciating trip.) I remember working at a bird observation site (for tagging) one spring and watching insectivore birds flying low over the water snacking. It was such a cool sight. But bats – wow – never heard of that before!
I was actually just reading another blog this morning and came upon a daytime bat post. Not sure what time of year you saw your bat – but she shared some interesting bat behaviour findings: https://seabrookeleckie.com/2011/04/09/daytime-bat/ It would be strange and worrying to see a bat during the day!
I’ve had a couple of bats in my (past) apartment and found one last spring on the back of a church (possibly during its migration north?). I also have happy memories of watching two aerial performances of bats at dusk (one while hanging on the back porch of a friend’s and another on the back deck during a dinner party.)
Thanks for sharing – loved reading about your encounters – the bat house sounds like a great idea!
Thanks for sharing Seabrooke’s blog post! I have read several of her posts in the past and follower her on Twitter as well. It’s nice to see other people with similar experiences!
Just wanted to say congratulations on 300!
Both books sound very interesting – would be great to go to the talks! (I have been fascinated with the idea of daylighting streams ever since I learned about the practice years ago!) Incredible about the straightened Duwamish! Did you read the articles about the Bronx River beavers? (http://untappedcities.com/2016/07/08/the-boogie-down-beavers-of-nycs-bronx-river/)
Here in the City of Ottawa they are still trapping beavers. : (
Love how the owl photography is really a study in behaviour – will have to look this up. Sounds like you have amazing naturalists in your neck on the woods! That’s including you, of course!
Thank you very much Katherine!
I hadn’t seen that article, thanks for sharing. It’s so nice to see when animals return once we clean up and repair our damage. We’re lucky here in Seattle to have many, many beavers living. We have a lot of waterways and there are beavers in a large percentage of them. I got to see a couple of them not long ago in a newly opened park.
Those white stalks look like the same thing that were growing in my yard last week. I love the water droplets on the leaves.
Aptly said. Today is a very dark day in American politics. I felt a need today to keep busy so as not to dwell on yesterday’s events.
My son and I are fans of Magic School Bus. I didn’t watch it in middle school. I wonder why. I was interested in science even then. Thanks for mentioning the future of science and women in STEM giving recent events.
Thank you Georgia! I’ve been feeling like I need to double my efforts at introducing STEM to my daughter given the state of things now.
Love this, Kelly. Always look over the books at thrift stores for books for my kids.
We are proud owners of the complete series of Magic School Bus on DVD (won it through a Portland family magazine Facebook contest). Holding on to the set for when Afton (now 4) is a bit older. 🙂
I absolutely love thrift store books and finding the treasures. Especially older, out-of-print books.
We’ve watched a couple Magic School Bus episodes and our daughter really loves them. Lucky win for you!
Ooh, What Wood Is That? Sounds like a great resource!
The river otters are quite a presence on the eastern edge of the Portage Bay houseboat community. I hear their eek-eek frequently, hear them playing on the floating dock now and again, see them occasionally–and hose their poop off my deck every day that I neglect to squirt the edges with vinegar(!).
How very luck for you to see the River Otters and have them living alongside you!
Interesting fact: otter poo is called spraint and apparently it has very unique aromas! I’ve never smelled it, but I’m curious to know what it smells like.
The iridescent feathers are captivating. Great photographs!
I’ve been considering a laminating machine. I’d like to preserve our leaf collection.
Thanks Georgia! I like having the laminating machine, it’s nice to be able to preserve things. Although I haven’t tried it with leaves before, I should give it a try!
So wonderful! Yes we have a strong population in Ottawa also although the City isn’t always supportive of them. We just found a new pair on the Ottawa River last weekend on our walk. Always so cool to watch!
So neat you know of her blog also but of course you two were probably blogging at the same time!
Stunning! I say go for the time lapse.
Interesting–the crows in my neighborhood near the University Bridge head north to the end of Lake Washington.
Elle, you’re correct. There’s a divide somewhere in Seattle and crows on the south go to the Renton roost while those on the north go to the roost in Bothell. I wrote about the Bothell roost here: http://www.metrofieldguide.com/experience-10000-crows/
Great photos. Looks like you have a fun day.
I didn’t know about Jan Brett’s The Trouble with Trolls. I think there’ll be interest in this books because we recently saw the Trolls movie, loved it, and are on a trolls kick.
By the way, we did the same last weekend – made a pile of snow/winter/Christmas books. Thanks for sharing your titles.
Woohoo! An impressive blog year!
Yay, another book recommendation!
(I read so many picture (and chapter) books, too.)
I hope you enjoy it Georgia! And I hope you can read the whole series, the first book is by far the best and absolutely hilarious. I suspect it will be one of the few books I read more than once.
This is lovely Kelly – the sound is such an additional treat!! It would be really wonderful to see all those ducks together.
What do you use to record sound BTW? I’d love to experiment with that up here!
(It’s amazing to see all the images of your 365 (366) Days of Nature project all in one place – what an amazing project!)
Thank you Katherine!
I use an app on my android phone which works pretty well for me. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.triveous.recorder&hl=en
The one thing I discovered is it’s very easy to make weird noises on the recordings. I had a rubber case and every time my fingers moved it added creaking noises to the recordings. So I switched to a different case which doesn’t make those noises. Maybe my phone’s microphone is overly sensitive, but it still picks up movement if I’m holding it sometimes.
Isn’t this plant still used in politics and in baths for swelling and is a external fever reducer?
Hi there- I really enjoyed this article and have been trying to contact Keith Geller for some landscape design work and have been unsuccessful. Both of these phone #’S are incorrect. 206-322-2005 and 206-685-8033, as well as the website, urbanhort.org. I was wondering if you might have any other contact information? Thanks, Sherri
Unfortunately I don’t have any contact information for Keith. Perhaps he retired?
Hello Kelly. I read today your article about the wetlands at Sunset Park in Corvallis (pictures seem to be missing, though). I moved to Corvallis last year and live adjacent to the park. I cherish that little piece of wetland, and visit it almost daily. The wetland is still healthy, and many things as you described. I’ve seen most of the birds you listed, and more (incl. a great blue heron, red tailed hawk, egrets, and even a snipe!). I also saw a green heron, and that was quite a nice treat. The beaver continues to inhabit the pond, and I’ve been fortunate to see it with its mate on one occasion (before a quick tail flap into the water). The busy beaver (or, I suspect, an offspring kit) is also busy building on a little tributary that runs through the apartment complex into the wetland. Consequently, there is a little pond adjacent to the western boardwalk. Two days ago, I saw a mother duck nestled on the side of that pond with 3-4 little ducklings. I’ve seen numerous nutria and one with a baby in tow last week. They’re rather prolific breeders. I saw my first dragonfly of the season last night (unsure of the type, but it was incredibly large), and I look forward to being able to identify the various species of dragonflies and damselflies this summer. Your list should get me a head start – thanks! And thank you for the lovely write up re the wetland. I thought you might like to know that it continues to be healthy six years later.
Hi Debra, thank you so much for the update! It’s a joy to hear that it’s still doing well, it was a really special place to me while we lived there. I’m happy to know so much wildlife is still thriving at the park.
There’s a really wonderful dragonfly and damselfly guide book called “Dragonflies and Damselflies of the Willamette Valley” which served me well when I started watching them. Unfortunately it looks like it’s out of print, but the authors have a new book for dragonflies and damselflies of Oregon which I’m sure is just as good: http://osupress.oregonstate.edu/book/dragonflies-and-damselflies-of-oregon
Thank you again for the update, it made my day!
PS – All is well. I just saw the pictures on your site. The wetland still looks the same …
I’d like to transform a sunny backyard in Eastside into wildflower meadow & read your article.
Where can I buy bulk lupine & other meadow seeds or can you refer a gardener to help me? I am a beginning garden & yard is a pretty good size.
Hi Pamela, your best bet would be to try the Native Plant Society. If you’re in Washington state, contact the Washington Native Plant Society. http://www.wnps.org/
These crows caught my attention when I worked in a Renton high rise. Every night even in wind and rain storms, the healthy crows with no eggs or hatchlings flew over our building all together. Blanketing the sky. The late ones usually had a partner. It was just amazing. I’ve also seen hundreds of them standing all over a South Center street, sidewalks, and grass not far from the river. They also seem to rest for a while beforehand, between South Center and Renton. I think they make stops like a caravan, uniting and communicating with so many neighborhood flocks as each little group joins the big group.
I’m a person that hates the idea of using pesticides; I fear them. I’ve collected jumping spiders of many sizes and released them into my house for years, for the purpose of ridding it of undesirable creatures. I now want to begin collecting as I can, house centipedes to assist with this chore as I don’t find them repulsive and hope that the combination of both types of hunters will help do the job better.
The parking lot you describe is the WOTC main lot. I worked there for four years and saw this massive murder take place every year. Around October? In the Fall for sure. Sad to see them go elsewhere though. It’s a mind boggling sight to see hundreds + crows; talking, flying, crowding every branch, and buildings. One of my favorite times of year at WOTC.
A neighbor over by Wisconsin where I live by me has a fit every time and threatens me, I go out with my lawn mower sometime using it without the blade going… most times it’s to cut my field path going for my National Registered Garden with a few different registries through the internet…I want to monitor it for pests and trespassers, set up artist who want to damage all my hard work and bought store decors that give the garden ( Not food!) the animals safe place to be without cause of danger from a personal jealousy artist and a nice looking area for passers to say that is really cool!! By law I have the right to make my own pollinator garden under the laws digression and have a wild life area for watching wild animals like deer rabbits or fox or even turkey, carne excetra to feed and thrive! I want everyone’s respect as hunters get and that No trespassing respect also and or anyone else would get the freedom to do what I want without disturbance or blockage or threats! I also like photography hoping for maybe a photo contest! also they would set me up with a crimes I did not do, I have not ever been arrested for anything…. so I don’t know why they are so aggressive… I spoke to the registries and they said lawyer would be interested entrapment issues, fraud or threats in this as you are registered and legal not state or county wild life registered but you are under acknowledgment of the Wild life and fish division, so they might be ones to get help and they would!
Also individual rights division and police surely would help if it came to that situation! I am keeping all records or store products etcetera, items and I do not plan on a business, it’s personal enjoyment CONTSTUTIONAL RIGHTS of my property! Amish don’t have that problem and we have many around us who have beautiful gardens!
I called them up and yes that’s what they said so I am working g at putting more décor I a little at a time exercise is good for anyone and healthy and f interesting good times!Anyway, good thought to pass onto other wildlife and pollinator enthusiast!
I have watched these same crows every year while I commute to work. They are going in the opposite direction than me, but “ go to work” and return home at the same time every day. I would love to see where their rookery is. I will try. If you are willing. To share more details of its location I would love To check it out!
I have a beared dragon that I feed crickets on a daily basis. One or two inevitably escape. This morning while cleaning my hallway I met one if these beautiful centipedes. I mistook it for a cricket at first, the hall was dark.
When I got ready to catch it, with my hands, I realized this is NOT a cricket. I have it in a plastic container and after reading your blog, I want to let it go inside my house, but it is a little creepy, just as it is fascinating.
I think I will relocate it to the basement, where most of my crickets end up at and pray it has a good life.
By the way, you said they only live three years, right? Is that 3 years after becoming an adult with all its legs or from birth? Lol.
We’ll give this a shot on Monday in my high school biology class. Sounds fun.
I’ve always wanted to do this with my kids, thanks for the info.
Perhaps this is a dumb question but just out of curiosity– why more prevalent in the moss on on the roof? How do they get there?
Hi Megan, I’m not entirely sure why they’re so abundant on the roof compared to other places I’ve sampled! Surprisingly, although they are tiny, they can travel far. That’s because when they dry out they turn into a tun, a barrel shaped form that is light and the wind picks them up and blows them away! They can land just about anywhere.
This is very interesting! If other examples of consistent sightings of serpent-like sea monsters interest you, I recommend checking out Philip Hoare’s book “Leviathan”. In it (I’ve since lent the book out so can’t identify the page or chapter I’m afraid) he describes various encounters, mostly from the eastern coast of the USA, which sound quite similar to the animal in these reports.
I do wonder if everyone is reading reports of sea serpents, and then making up an encounter or subconsciously creating a false memory. But still, the possibility that something is genuinely out there is fascinating!
Thank you David! I have read part of that book, but never finished it. I will have to revisit to learn about the east coast observations. There are a few other sea monsters similar to Caddy like the Loch Ness Monster, and also Ogopogo which is found in Canada and Storsjöodjuret which is from Sweden. It’s fascinating these observations continue today.
I guess the people miss understood what was being done and now the problem has ben acknowledged for it’s conservation aspects and for it’s beauty and hoping to help that of the butterflies and wildlife as they pass through or what ever they may do in the conservational area and I am thankful for their thoughtfulness towards my conservation project! God Bless them, they actually now feel it’s a good idea even for their property!
What type of amscope and omax do you have?
Loved your article! Thank you for the detailed, light humored centipede post. After finding yet another house centipede (this particular one with flowing locks (legs) was nestled inside my sleep mask next to my bed. Gasp!), I decided to transfer it to a bathroom corner rather than force it to take a few laps in the toilet. I remember reading they like to dine on other indoor insects but I wanted to do some fact checking and found your piece. Alas, my house centipedes no longer need to fear being squashed; hunt away you creepy night creepers. But a warning to them and their offspring – stay off my bed and away from my sleep mask!
Did you ever find out what the black spherical slime mold is? I found some in Lakeridge Park. Loved your book! Thank you!
My son has a bee tearing pieces of flower petals off his bougainvillea plant. The bee is bringing them to a hollow bamboo stake and building a nest. What family in the mason bee species uses flower petals to do this? He found an article on Osmia avosetta bees however we can’t find if they are native or living in Las Vegas Nevada. Are there others that tear flowers to do this?
Please could you identify this “blob” my 7 yo granddaughter found on a rotting log near Mt Rainier. I am assuming it is a slime mold, possibly Black Pearl slime mold?
Not sure if I can attach the photo…
An excellent poem by William Wordsworth .. the poem depict about the value of nature ..n .. the greatness of nature ..Hats-off to W . Wordsworth .. by dr Hameed (mainu)
A lot of interesting information in a short article!
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